PLEASE SEE THE ATTACHED IMAGE BEFORE BIDDING
I have a live Magento 1.7 running on Centos 6.2 that is showing
span class="price"$10.00 span
in the new order email. I have other Magento installations running on Centos OS that does not have this problem. I have added php echo strip_tags to [url removed, login to view] in app/code/core/Mage/Checkout/Helper and still that did not help
Per the post below it seems the next thing is to create a Helper class that. I just want to see if there is someone who have dealt with this issue and who can help me out with this. Only Magento developers please, this is a live site. See attached image to see the bug.
[url removed, login to view]