The subjection of juveniles to criminal liability is endowed with many peculiarities and emphasized necessity to give unique and effective solutions to the existing problems.
In the applied system of punishment towards the juveniles only arrest and imprisonment for a term are envisaged as punishments connected with the detention. These punishments are much more strict and not expedient to apply towards juveniles, they are directed to isolate the juvenile from the society not taking into account his/her psycho-physiological peculiarities conditioned with the latter’s age. In the conditions of imprisonment the social-physiological peculiarities of unsettled juvenile may obey such kind of changes, which will strengthen the possibility of reoffending by the juvenile.
A number of international documents define the main provisions and criteria which must become the base for the application of punishments connected to the detention towards the juveniles and effective implementation of justice in all countries taking into account the mental and physiological level of development and peculiarities.